Parliamentary and Administrative Research Institute (PARI) was established with a view to undertake meaningful research on parliamentary and administrative issues in India. In India, the relationship between the Executive and the Legislature is very very demanding. Therefore, the Executive has to orient itself to the requirement of the Legislature and at times it has to adapt to the demand resulting in the need of reforms. Likewise, the Legislature also has to sometime make amends ...
A Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to Lok Sabha and it remains in office till it enjoys confidence of majority of the members in Lok Sabha. Thus, a motion of no-confidence is moved to remove the council of ministers and thus oust the government from office.
While Article 75 of the Indian Constitution specifies that the council of ministers shall be collectively responsible to the House of the People - there is no mention of a no-confidence motion. All it indicates is that the majority of Lok Sabha members must be with the Prime Minister and his Cabinet.
Article 118 of the Constitution permits each house of Parliament to make its own rules for conduct of business. Rule 198 of the Lok Sabha specifies the procedure for a motion of no-confidence. Any member may give a written notice before 10 am; the Speaker will read the motion of no-confidence in the House and ask all those favouring the motion to rise. If there are 50 MPs in favour, the Speaker could allot a date for discussing the motion – but this has to be within 10 days. However, this cannot be done in conditions of din or confusion in the House.